Top 5 Ways To Improve Hygiene For Teeth And Remove Bacteria

Top 5 Ways To Improve Hygiene For Teeth And Remove Bacteria

Good oral hygiene prevents tooth decay, gum disease and many other oral health problems, allowing you to keep your smile healthy and yourself feeling confident.

With our busy lives, carrying out a proper oral health regime can certainly be challenging. However, there are essential things you must do daily to prevent any long-term oral issues. 

The best oral hygiene regime is one that you can practice consistently. So, from brushing correctly and flossing to maintaining a healthy diet, here are the top 5 ways to improve hygiene for teeth.

How do you get rid of bacteria on your teeth?

  • Proper brushing - Brush your teeth thoroughly and cover all surfaces, including the tongue.
  • Use fluoride toothpaste - This strengthens the tooth enamel, making it more resistant to decay.
  • Use dental floss - To clean between teeth where a brush won’t reach.
  • Rinse with mouthwash after meals - Especially if brushing isn’t an option.
  • Maintain a healthy diet - Limit sugary foods and drinks and include crunchy fruit and vegetables for saliva production.
  • 1. Brush your teeth, gums and tongue

    Brushing your teeth and gums stops plaque from building up, preventing gum disease and tooth decay. 

    Plaque can also build up on your tongue, which can cause bad breath and lead to other oral health problems. 

    How to properly brush your teeth


    1. Place your brush at a 45-degree angle against your gumline.
    2. Brush in circular motions to clean the inside and outside surfaces of your teeth as well as the top chewing surfaces, gums and tongue.


    1. Spit out any excess toothpaste after you’ve finished brushing. 
    2. Don’t rinse your mouth with water immediately; this will wash away the concentrated fluoride that protects your teeth.

    How to properly brush your teeth with an electric toothbrush

    With an electric toothbrush, it’s important not to press too hard and let the brush do the work.

    1. Wet your toothbrush, add the toothpaste and guide the brush to your mouth before activating the appliance.
    2. Move the brush head along the gumline, spending a few seconds on each tooth, brushing the inside, outside and chewing surfaces as well as your gums.
    3. Change the brush head regularly.
    Woman brushing teeth with electric toothbrush

    How long should you brush your teeth?

    Brush your teeth for about 2 minutes, spending about 30 seconds on each corner of your mouth. 

    Are you supposed to brush your gums?

    Yes, brushing your gums is an important part of your oral care routine. 

    Plaque and bacteria can build up along the gumline and, if left untreated, can lead to gum disease.

    To brush your gums effectively, angle your toothbrush towards the gumline and lightly brush in circular motions. Don’t apply too much pressure, as this can irritate gums and cause them to bleed.

    How many times should you brush your teeth a day?

    Brushing your teeth twice a day is recommended to remove plaque. Brush once before bed and once at another convenient time. 

    Brushing before bed will prevent plaque from calcifying and remove any bits of food before it starts to rot. Brushing after breakfast will remove any food from your mouth so you can start your day feeling fresh.

    Whilst it is recommended to brush your teeth twice a day, brushing your teeth three times a day is not too much. This actually allows for cleaning after every meal to prevent plaque from building on your teeth and gums. 

    Visit your dentists for regular cleanings to target any areas you might have missed, especially if you already have fillings.

    2. Use fluoride toothpaste

    Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral that is added to toothpaste and mouthwashes to protect our dental health. Most toothpaste now contains fluoride as it effectively prevents tooth decay. 

    What toothpaste kills bacteria?

    Fluoride toothpaste prevents bacteria from producing acid in the mouth, which attacks the tooth enamel. It also strengthens the tooth enamel, makes it more resistant to decay, and strengthens any enamel that could already be affected by the early stages of tooth decay.

    Is fluoride toothpaste safe for children?

    Fluoride toothpaste is safe for children and especially important for them as it’s been found that children who use fluoride when their teeth are developing have shallower grooves, which means plaque can more easily be removed.

    How does fluoride help teeth?

    When fluoride reaches your teeth, it’s absorbed by your tooth enamel and replenishes the lost calcium and phosphorous that keep your teeth strong. 

    Plaque contains acids which cause teeth to lose minerals and decay, causing cavities. So, replenishing those minerals with fluoride can improve oral hygiene and keep your teeth strong. 


    Electric toothbrush and toothpaste near sink

    3. Rinse with a fluoride mouthwash

    Mouthwash not only keeps your breath fresh and washes away food particles for improved hygiene for teeth, but choosing one with fluoride can also strengthen your tooth enamel.

    Why should I use fluoride mouthwash?

    Fluoride mouthwashes can be used by anyone looking to improve hygiene for their teeth. But they are particularly beneficial for those at a higher risk of tooth decay.

    1. Dry mouth

    Saliva is a natural way of cleaning teeth as it washes away food particles, neutralizes acids which cause decay and contains calcium, phosphorous and other components which remineralize your teeth.

    If you are dehydrated or have a dry mouth - which can be caused by medications or medical conditions - it can put you at a higher risk of tooth decay.

    Adding a fluoride mouthwash to your routine and using it throughout the day, especially after eating, will protect your teeth. 

    2. Receding gums

    If plaque builds around your gums, it can cause your gums to recede and expose the tooth’s root. The root is less strong than enamel, making it more susceptible to decay.

     Using fluoride mouthwash will protect your teeth and prevent the gums from receding further.

    3. Orthodontic braces

    Food is more likely to get stuck between braces, increasing your risk of cavities as bacteria destroy the nutrients that protect the enamel. This can lead to decalcification - the loss of calcium - which can leave a white spot on teeth when your braces are removed. A fluoride mouthwash can limit this decalcification, washing away the food and strengthening the enamel.

    4. Fillings, crowns or bridges

    If you have a history of fillings, your dentist might recommend a fluoride mouthwash for added protection. Plaque can also build up under crowns or bridges and decay the tooth underneath. Regular use of fluoride can stop decay before it begins to show. 

    4. Use dental floss or interdental brushes

    Flossing is another effective way to improve hygiene for teeth. It removes food particles, plaque and bacteria from the gum line where a toothbrush can’t quite reach. Removing these keeps teeth clean and free from plaque to prevent the development of tooth decay and gum disease. 

    Floss your teeth at least once a day, ideally before bed. 

    How to use dental floss

    1. Place the floss between your teeth and rock it back and forth, working down the tooth. 
    2. When you reach your gums, curve the floss into a C-shape against the tooth to get into the space between your gums and your tooth.
    3. Repeat along the side of the next tooth until you’ve covered your entire mouth.

    How to use interdental brushes

    1. Gently place the brush between your teeth and move it back and forth down your tooth.
    2. When you reach your gums, gently brush the space between your gums and your teeth. 
    3. Repeat along the next side of the tooth and continue around the rest of your mouth.

    Be sure to floss before you brush. Flossing will loosen food particles and plaque, and brushing will ensure it is washed away.

    Interdental brush on teeth

    5. Maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle

    A healthy diet plays a vital role in oral hygiene, providing nutrients for healthy teeth and gums and hydration to stimulate saliva production.

    Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables

    Crispy fruits and vegetables like apples, carrots, and celery stimulate saliva production, which neutralizes acids and washes away food particles.

    Vitamins and minerals

    Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and vitamin C are particularly important for strong teeth and gums.

    Limit sugary food and drinks

    Limit sugary and acidic foods and drinks, which can contribute to tooth decay and gum disease.

    The acids that bacteria release after breaking sugar down are harmful to tooth enamel, increasing your risk of developing cavities and gum disease.

    Avoid smoking

    Smoking is a leading cause of gum disease and oral cancer. It stains teeth and leads to gum problems, loss of teeth, decay, and complications after tooth removal or surgery.

    Smoking tobacco causes a lack of oxygen in your bloodstream, meaning infected gums cannot heal.

    Create the perfect oral hygiene regime with GoSmile

    Simple switches to your oral hygiene regime and lifestyle can really make a difference in keeping your teeth and gums healthy. 

    Add some expertly-designed products like our blue light toothbrush, fluoride toothpaste and interdental brushes to your regime and shop our full range from GoSmile.


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